HardBD & Active'22

HardBD & Active'22

Joint International Workshop on Big Data Management on Emerging Hardware
and Data Management on Virtualized Active Systems

To be Sponsored by and Held in Conjunction with ICDE 2022

May 9, 2022 Virtual Event

2022 ICDE Virtual Conference site: https://events.rdmobile.com/Events/Details/15184

bullet Description
bullet Topics
bullet Submission
bullet Important Dates
bullet Program
bullet Keynote
bullet Organizers
bullet PC Members
bullet Previous Workshops


HardBD : Data properties and hardware characteristics are two key aspects for efficient data management. A clear trend in the first aspect, data properties, is the increasing demand to manage and process Big Data in both enterprise and consumer applications, characterized by the fast evolution of Big Data Systems, such as Key-Value stores, Document stores, Graph stores, Spark, MapReduce/Hadoop, Graph Computation Systems, Tree-Structured Databases, as well as novel extensions to relational database systems. At the same time, the second aspect, hardware characteristics, is undergoing rapid changes, imposing new challenges for the efficient utilization of hardware resources. Recent trends include massive multi-core processing systems, high performance co-processors, very large main memory systems, persistent main memory, fast networking components, big computing clusters, and large data centers that consume massive amounts of energy. Utilizing new hardware technologies for efficient Big Data management is of urgent importance.

Active : Existing approaches to solve data-intensive problems often require data to be moved near the computing resources for processing. These data movement costs can be prohibitive for large data sets. One promising solution is to bring virtualized computing resources closer to data, whether it is at rest or in motion. The premise of active systems is a new holistic view of the system in which every data medium and every communication channel become compute-enabled. The Active workshop aims to study different aspects of the active systems' stack, understand the impact of active technologies (including but not limited to hardware accelerators such as SSDs, GPUs, FPGAs, and ASICs) on different applications workloads over the lifecycle of data, and revisit the interplay between algorithmic modeling, compiler and programming languages, virtualized runtime systems and environments, and hardware implementations, for effective exploitation of active technologies.

HardBD & Active'22 : Both HardBD and Active are interested in exploiting hardware technologies for data-intensive systems. The aim of this one-day joint workshop is to bring together researchers, practitioners, system administrators, and others interested in this area to share their perspectives on exploiting new hardware technologies for data-intensive workloads and big data systems, and to discuss and identify future directions and challenges in this area. The workshop aims at providing a forum for academia and industry to exchange ideas through research and position papers.

[ Go to Top ]


 Topics of interest include but are not limited to:

  • Systems Architecture on New Hardware
  • Data Management Issues in Software-Hardware-System Co-design
  • Main Memory Data Management (e.g. CPU Cache Behavior, SIMD, Lock-Free Designs, Transactional Memory)
  • Data Management on New Memory Technologies (e.g., SSDs, NVMs)
  • Active Technologies (e.g., GPUs, FPGAs, and ASICs) in Co-design Architectures
  • Distributed Data Management Utilizing New Network Technologies (e.g., RDMA)
  • Novel Applications of New Hardware Technologies in Query Processing, Transaction Processing, or Big Data Systems (e.g., Hadoop, Spark, NoSQL, NewSQL, Document Stores, Graph Platforms etc.)
  • Novel Applications of Low-Power Modern Processors in Data-Intensive Workloads
  • Virtualizing Active Technologies on Cloud (e.g., Scalability and Security)
  • Benchmarking, Performance Models, and/or Tuning of Data Management Workloads on New Hardware Technologies

[ Go to Top ]

  Submission Guidelines

We welcome submissions of original, unpublished research papers that are not being considered for publication in any other forum. Papers should be prepared in the IEEE format and submitted as a single PDF file. The paper length should not exceed 6 pages. The submission site is https://cmt3.research.microsoft.com/HardBDActive2022.

[ Go to Top ]

  Important Dates

Paper submission: February 8, 2022 (Tuesday) 11:59:00 PM PT
February 22, 2022 (Tuesday) 11:59:00 PM PT
Notification of acceptance: March 4, 2022 (Friday)
Camera-ready copies: March 15, 2022 (Tuesday)
Workshop: May 9, 2022 (Monday)

[ Go to Top ]


Note: All keynote talks are in the virtual session titled "Joint Keynotes: HardBDActive and SMDB Workshops".

9:10-9:20am MYT Opening and Introductions

9:20-11:00am MYT SMDB and HardBD&Active Joint Keynote Session I

11:00-11:10am MYT Break

11:10-12:00pm MYT SMDB Founders & Pioneers Keynote Talk

12:00-14:00pm MYT Long Break

14:00-15:40pm MYT SMDB and HardBD&Active Joint Keynote Session II

15:40-15:50pm MYT Break

15:50-16:50pm MYT Research Session

16:50-17:00pm MYT Closing

[ Go to Top ]

  Keynote Talks

Wang-Chiew Tan      Deep Data Integration

Wang-Chiew Tan
Research Scientist, Facebook AI

Abstract: We are witnessing the widespread adoption of deep learning techniques as avant-garde solutions to different computational problems in recent years. In data integration, the use of deep learning techniques has helped establish several state-of-the-art results in long standing problems, including information extraction, entity matching, data cleaning, and table understanding. In this talk, I will reflect on the strengths of deep learning and how that has helped move forward the needle in data integration. I will also discuss a few challenges associated with solutions based on deep learning techniques and describe some opportunities for the future work.

Bio: Wang-Chiew is a research scientist manager at Meta AI. Before she was the Head of Research at Megagon Labs, where she led the research efforts on building advanced technologies to enhance search by experience. This included research on data integration, information extraction, text mining and summarization. Prior to joining Megagon Labs, she was a Professor of Computer Science at University of California, Santa Cruz. She also spent two years at IBM Research - Almaden.

Tim Kraska      Towards Instance-Optimized Data Systems

Tim Kraska
Associate Professor, MIT

Abstract: Recently, there has been a lot of excitement around ML-enhanced (or learned) algorithms and data structures. For example, there has been work on applying machine learning to improve query optimization, indexing, storage layouts, scheduling, log-structured merge trees, sorting, compression, sketches, among many other data management tasks. Arguably, the ideas behind these techniques are similar: machine learning is used to model the data and/or workload in order to derive a more efficient algorithm or data structure. Ultimately, what these techniques will allow us to build are “instance-optimized” systems; systems that self-adjust to a given workload and data distribution to provide unprecedented performance and avoid the need for tuning by an administrator. In this talk, I will first provide an overview of the opportunities and limitations of current ML-enhanced algorithms and data structures, present initial results of SageDB, a first instance-optimized system we are building as part of DSAIL@CSAIL at MIT, and finally outline remaining challenges and future directions.

Bio: Tim Kraska is an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, co-director of the Data System and AI Lab at MIT (DSAIL@CSAIL), and co-founder of Einblick Analytics. Currently, his research focuses on building systems for machine learning, and using machine learning for systems. Before joining MIT, Tim was an Assistant Professor at Brown, spent time at Google Brain, and was a PostDoc in the AMPLab at UC Berkeley after he got his PhD from ETH Zurich. Tim is a 2017 Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow in computer science and received several awards including the VLDB Early Career Research Contribution Award, the VMware Systems Research Award, the university-wide Early Career Research Achievement Award at Brown University, an NSF CAREER Award, as well as several best paper and demo awards at VLDB, SIGMOD, and ICDE.

C. Mohan      Modern Cloud DBMSs Vindicate Age-Old Work on Shared Disks DBMSs!

C. Mohan
Distinguished Visiting Professor, Tsinghua University, China

Abstract: Over 3 decades ago, when the database research community was enamored of shared nothing database management systems (DBMSs), some of us were focused on DBMSs which were based on the shared disks (SD) architecture. While my own work involved IBM’s DB2 on the mainframe, earlier SD product work had been done by DEC, IBM (with IMS), Oracle and a couple of Japanese vendors. The research community didn’t appreciate that much our SD work even though IBM and Oracle have been quite successful with their SD relational DBMS products. With the emergence of the public cloud, many classical on-premises DBMSs have been ported to the cloud arena. New DBMSs have also been developed from scratch to work in the cloud environment. One of the dominant characteristics of the cloud DBMSs is that they are embracing the SD architecture because of the architectural separation of compute nodes and storage nodes (also called disaggregated storage) in the cloud environment to gain several advantages. I feel that these recent developments vindicate our age-old SD work! In this talk, I will first introduce traditional (non-cloud) parallel and distributed database systems. I will cover concepts like SQL and NoSQL systems, data replication, distributed and parallel query processing, and data recovery after different types of failures. Then, I will discuss how the emergence of the (public) cloud has introduced new requirements on parallel and distributed database systems, and how such requirements have necessitated fundamental changes to the architectures of such systems which includes embracing at least some of the SD ideas. I will illustrate the related developments by discussing the details of several cloud DBMSs.

Bio: Dr. C. Mohan is currently a Distinguished Visiting Professor at Tsinghua University in China, a Visiting Researcher at Google, a Member of the inaugural Board of Governors of Digital University Kerala, and an Advisor of the Kerala Blockchain Academy (KBA) and the Tamil Nadu e-Governance Agency (TNeGA) in India. He retired in June 2020 from being an IBM Fellow at the IBM Almaden Research Center in Silicon Valley. He was an IBM researcher for 38.5 years in the database, blockchain, AI and related areas, impacting numerous IBM and non-IBM products, the research and academic communities, and standards, especially with his invention of the well-known ARIES family of database locking and recovery algorithms, and the Presumed Abort distributed commit protocol. This IBM (1997-2020), ACM (2002-) and IEEE (2002-) Fellow has also served as the IBM India Chief Scientist (2006-2009). In addition to receiving the ACM SIGMOD Edgar F. Codd Innovations Award (1996), the VLDB 10 Year Best Paper Award (1999) and numerous IBM awards, Mohan was elected to the United States and Indian National Academies of Engineering (2009), and named an IBM Master Inventor (1997). This Distinguished Alumnus of IIT Madras (1977) received his PhD at the University of Texas at Austin (1981). He is an inventor of 50 patents. During the last many years, he focused on Blockchain, AI, Big Data and Cloud technologies (https://bit.ly/sigBcP, https://bit.ly/CMoTalks). Since 2017, he has been an evangelist of permissioned blockchains and the myth buster of permissionless blockchains. During 1H2021, Mohan was the Shaw Visiting Professor at the National University of Singapore (NUS) where he taught a seminar course on distributed data and computing. In 2019, he became an Honorary Advisor to TNeGA for its blockchain and other projects. In 2020, he joined the Advisory Board of KBA. Since 2016, Mohan has been a Distinguished Visiting Professor of China’s prestigious Tsinghua University. In 2021, he was inducted as a member of the inaugural Board of Governors of the new Indian university Digital University Kerala (DUK). Mohan has served on the advisory board of IEEE Spectrum, and on numerous conference and journal boards. In 2022, he became a consultant at Google with the title of Visiting Researcher. He has also been a Consultant to the Microsoft Data Team. Mohan is a frequent speaker in North America, Europe and Asia. He has given talks in 43 countries. He is highly active on social media and has a huge network of followers. More information can be found in the Wikipedia page at https://bit.ly/CMwIkP and his homepage at https://bit.ly/CMoDUK

Maya Gokhale      Accelerating Data Analytics in the Era of Ubiquitous Computing: Opportunities and Challenges

Maya Gokhale
Distinguished Member of Technical Staff, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA

Abstract: With innovations in storage and memory capacity combined with the profusion of acceleration architectures, opportunities abound to gain insight from exponentially increasing data sources. Compute functions can be distributed among sensors, in intermediate network aggregation points, in-transit through network routers and host interface, and in/near the data repositories. Efficiently and securely exploiting these emerging opportunities will spur new research, including re-thinking data structures and algorithms, designing domain-specific languages and compiler optimizations, OS and process-level scheduling and resource management, and overriding all, ensuring security and privacy. This talk will discuss the spectrum of opportunities, challenges, and solutions in this domain.

Bio: Maya Gokhale is Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA. Her career spans research conducted in academia, industry, and National Laboratories. Maya received a Ph.D. in Computer Science from University of Pennsylvania. Her current research interests include data intensive heterogeneous architectures and reconfigurable computing. Maya is co-recipient of an R&D 100 award for a C-to-FPGA compiler, co-recipient of four patents related to memory architectures for embedded processors, reconfigurable computing architectures, and cybersecurity, and co-author of more than one hundred forty technical publications. Maya is on the editorial board of the Proceedings of the IEEE and an associate editor of IEEE Micro. She is a co-recipient of the National Intelligence Community Award, is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and is an IEEE Fellow.

Onur Mutlu      Memory-Centric Computing

Onur Mutlu
Professor of Computer Science, ETH Zurich

Abstract: Computing is bottlenecked by data. Large amounts of application data overwhelm storage capability, communication capability, and computation capability of the modern machines we design today. As a result, many key applications' performance, efficiency and scalability are bottlenecked by data movement. In this lecture, we describe three major shortcomings of modern architectures in terms of 1) dealing with data, 2) taking advantage of the vast amounts of data, and 3) exploiting different semantic properties of application data. We argue that an intelligent architecture should be designed to handle data well. We show that handling data well requires designing architectures based on three key principles: 1) data-centric, 2) data-driven, 3) data-aware. We give several examples for how to exploit each of these principles to design a much more efficient and high performance computing system. We especially discuss recent research that aims to fundamentally reduce memory latency and energy, and practically enable computation close to data, with at least two promising novel directions: 1) processing using memory, which exploits analog operational properties of memory chips to perform massively-parallel operations in memory, with low-cost changes, 2) processing near memory, which integrates sophisticated additional processing capability in memory controllers, the logic layer of 3D-stacked memory technologies, or memory chips to enable high memory bandwidth and low memory latency to near-memory logic. We show both types of architectures can enable orders of magnitude improvements in performance and energy consumption of many important workloads, such as graph analytics, database systems, machine learning, video processing. We discuss how to enable adoption of such fundamentally more intelligent architectures, which we believe are key to efficiency, performance, and sustainability. We conclude with some guiding principles for future computing architecture and system designs.

A short accompanying paper, "Intelligent Architectures for Intelligent Computing Systems", which appeared in DATE 2021, can be found here and serves as recommended reading. A longer overview paper, "A Modern Primer on Processing in Memory" is available here.

Bio: Onur Mutlu is a Professor of Computer Science at ETH Zurich. He is also a faculty member at Carnegie Mellon University, where he previously held the Strecker Early Career Professorship. His current broader research interests are in computer architecture, systems, hardware security, and bioinformatics. A variety of techniques he, along with his group and collaborators, has invented over the years have influenced industry and have been employed in commercial microprocessors and memory/storage systems. He obtained his PhD and MS in ECE from the University of Texas at Austin and BS degrees in Computer Engineering and Psychology from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He started the Computer Architecture Group at Microsoft Research (2006-2009), and held various product and research positions at Intel Corporation, Advanced Micro Devices, VMware, and Google. He received the IEEE High Performance Computer Architecture Test of Time Award, the IEEE Computer Society Edward J. McCluskey Technical Achievement Award, ACM SIGARCH Maurice Wilkes Award, the inaugural IEEE Computer Society Young Computer Architect Award, the inaugural Intel Early Career Faculty Award, US National Science Foundation CAREER Award, Carnegie Mellon University Ladd Research Award, faculty partnership awards from various companies, and a healthy number of best paper or "Top Pick" paper recognitions at various computer systems, architecture, and security venues. He is an ACM Fellow "for contributions to computer architecture research, especially in memory systems", IEEE Fellow for "contributions to computer architecture research and practice", and an elected member of the Academy of Europe (Academia Europaea). His computer architecture and digital logic design course lectures and materials are freely available on Youtube (https://www.youtube.com/OnurMutluLectures), and his research group makes a wide variety of software and hardware artifacts freely available online (https://safari.ethz.ch/). For more information, please see his webpage at https://people.inf.ethz.ch/omutlu/.

[ Go to Top ]


[ Go to Top ]

  PC Members

  • Bingsheng He, National University of Singapore
  • Peiquan Jin, Univerisity of Science and Technology of China
  • Wolfgang Lehner, TU Dresden
  • Sang Won Lee, Sungkyunkwan University
  • Yinan Li, Microsoft Research
  • Qiong Luo, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
  • Thamir Qadah, Umm Al-Qura University
  • Tianzheng Wang, Simon Fraser University
  • Xiaodong Zhang, Ohio State University

[ Go to Top ]